Offshore Wind in the European Union: Towards Integrated Management of our Marine Waters
This important book places the framework for offshore wind and grid interconnections within a wider context and discusses the impact of technological issues, economic issues, spatial issues, and market issues on the legal framework.
Analysing how the objectives laid down in environmental instruments can collide with the fast development of offshore wind farms and grid interconnections, the author discusses ways in which the current framework could move towards a more fully integrated system.
She also describes existing approaches to the management of seas and oceans, with examples of their implementation in the EU’s Integrated Maritime Policy, as well as the ocean policies in Australia and New Zealand. Among the issues and topics covered are the following:-
- weighing the particular economic objectives of different countries;
- principles of conferral, subsidiarity, and proportionality in EU law;
- coherence and consistency;
- competition for sea space;
- the marine environment and its ecosystems;
- environmental impact assessments; and
- special protected areas.
The presentation also includes in-depth discussion of how economic sectoral interests (i.e., oil and gas extraction, maritime transport routes, cables and pipelines, fishing) affect the strategic development of offshore wind policy.
The role of regional sea conventions in the North and Baltic Seas are taken into account, as are the exclusive economic zones defined by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. As a major new contribution to a debate within the European Union on the importance of maritime spatial planning and the rational use of sea space, not only for offshore wind and grid interconnections but for all marine and maritime resources, this book will prove indispensable to lawyers, policymakers, officials, and academics concerned with the management of sea space to include the wind farms necessary to achieve the Union’s 2020 renewable energy goals.
|Publisher:||Kluwer Law International|
|Author(s)||van Hende, K|