The role and position of non-state actors in international law is the subject of a long-standing and intensive scholarly debate. This handbook explores the participation of this new category of actors in an international legal system that has historically been dominated by states.
It explores the most important issues, actors and theoretical approaches with respect to these new participants in international law. It provides the reader with a comprehensive and state-of-the-art overview of the most important legal and political developments and perspectives.
Relevant non-state actors discussed in this volume include, in particular, international governmental organisations, international non-governmental organisations, multinational companies, investors and armed opposition groups. Their legal position is considered in relation to specific issue-areas, such as humanitarian law, human rights, the use of force and international responsibility.
The main legal theories on non-state actors’ position in international law – neo-positivism, the policy-oriented approach and transnational law – are covered at the beginning of the publication, and the essential political science perspectives – on non-state actors’ role in international politics and globalisation, as well as their soft power – are presented at the end.
1. Introduction Math Noortmann, Cedric Ryngaert, August Reinisch
2. Non-State Actors and the Social Practice of International Law Jean d'Aspremont
3. Non-State Actors in International Law in Policy Perspective Eisuke Suzuki
4. Transnational Law: Philip Jessup's Legacy and Beyond Math Noortmann
5. Non-State Actors and the Use of Force Christian Henderson
6. Non-State Actors Under International Humanitarian Law Hans-Joachim Heintze and Charlotte Lulf
7. Non-State Actors and Human Rights Manfred Nowak and Karolina Miriam Januszewski
8. State Responsibility and Non-State Actors Cedric Ryngaert
9. International Governmental Organisations as Non-State Actors Ramses A Wessel
10. Non-Governmental Organisations: Recognition, Roles, Rights and Responsibilities Math Noortmann
11. Multinational Corporations in International Law Jan Wouters and Anna-Luise Chane
12. Investors August Reinisch
13. Armed Opposition Groups Jordan J Paust
14. Non-State Actors in International Relations: Actors, Processes, and an Agenda for Multifaceted Dialogue Markus Kornprobst
15. Non-State Actors and Soft Power Alan Chong
16. Non-State Actors and Globalisation: A Paradigm for a Decentred World? Barrie Axford
17. Concluding Observations Cedric Ryngaert, Math Noortmann and August Reinisch