To Reform the World: International Organisations and the Making of Modern States
The book explores how international organizations (IOs) have expanded their powers over time without formally amending their founding treaties. IOs intervene in military, financial, economic, political, social, and cultural affairs, and increasingly take on roles not explicitly assigned to them by law. The proposed book will contend that this 'mission creep' has allowed IOs to intervene internationally, most often in the Global South, in a way that has allowed them to recast institutions within and interactions among states, societies, and peoples on a broadly Western, liberal model. Adopting a historical and interdisciplinary, socio-legal approach, it supports this claim through detailed investigations of historical episodes involving three very different organizations: the International Labour Organization in the interwar period; the United Nation's in the two decades following the Second World War; and the World Bank from the 1950s through to the 1990s.
The book draws on a wide range of original institutional and archival materials, bringing to light little-known aspects of each organization's activities, identifying continuities in the ideas and practices of international governance across the twentieth century, and speaking to a range of pressing theoretical questions in present-day international law and international relations.
- Part I The International Labour Organization, technical assistance, and the welfare state 1919-1945
- 1: From standard-setting to technical assistance
- 2: Into development
- Part II The United Nations, peacekeeping, and the postcolonial state 1945-1964
- 3: From collective security to peacekeeping
- 4: Into international executive rule
- Part III The World Bank, governance, and the managerial state 1944-2000
- 5: From reconstruction to development
- 6: Into governance
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|